Pakistan launches new anti-polio drive amid spike in cases

Category: Health


Unlocking Word Meanings

Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.

  1. inoculate / ɪˈnɒk yəˌleɪt / (v.) – to give someone a weak form of a disease so that his/her body can build protection against it

    My daughter was inoculated against smallpox.

  2. conspiracy / kənˈspɪr ə si / (n.) – a secret plan to do something illegal

    The group organized a conspiracy to turn the people against the government.

  3. sterilize / ˈstɛr əˌlaɪz / (v.) – to make someone unable to produce babies

    Some animal clinics sterilize cats and dogs for free.

  4. paralysis / pəˈræl ə sɪs / (n.) – the loss of the ability to move all or a part of one’s body

    Some injuries can cause permanent paralysis.

  5. endemic / ɛnˈdɛm ɪk / (adj.) – regularly found in a group or an area

    Malaria is endemic in many hot countries.


Read the text below.

Pakistani authorities launched a new nationwide anti-polio drive amid a spike in new cases among children, health officials said. It was the sixth such campaign in 2022, aiming to inoculate children under the age of 5 in high-risk areas.

The newest drive was aimed at Islamabad and in the high-risk districts in eastern Punjab and southwestern Baluchistan province. A similar campaign was launched in the northwest in the first week of December.

Pakistan regularly launches polio campaigns despite attacks on workers and police assigned to inoculation drives. Militants falsely claim the vaccination campaigns are a Western conspiracy to sterilize children. Since April, Pakistan has registered 20 new polio cases and the outbreak has been seen as a blow to the efforts to eradicate the disease, which can cause severe paralysis in children.

Pakistan came close to eradicating polio in 2021, when only one case was reported.

Since then, the new cases have been reported in the northwest, forcing the government to launch anti-polio drives at small intervals in high-risk areas across the country. The last such campaign was launched in November 2022.

Pakistan’s anti-polio campaigns are also supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation which pledged $1.2 billion to the effort to end polio worldwide. The money will be used for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative’s strategy through 2026. The initiative is aimed at ending the polio virus in Pakistan and Afghanistan, the last two endemic countries, the foundation said.

This article was provided by The Associated Press.

Viewpoint Discussion

Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.

Discussion A

  • In your opinion, how can countries help strengthen global efforts against polio (ex. spread awareness about the disease)? Discuss.
  • Rumors about the polio vaccine are affecting vaccination drives in the country. What do you think is the best way to fight these? Discuss.

Discussion B

  • The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation pledged $1.2 billion to the effort to end polio worldwide. What other disease do you think the foundation should target? Why? Discuss.
  • Pakistan came close to eradicating polio in 2021, when only one case was reported. Do you think it’s possible to completely put an end to a disease? Why or why not? Discuss.