Warm Up

Helpful Words and Phrases

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    • ex. I bought some treats for my students. I got them some candy and snacks.
  1. creamy
    • ex. I like drinking milkshakes because they’re creamy.
    • ex. Some mushrooms are poisonous and some are edible.
    • ex. The document has the seal of the mayor, so it is considered official.
    • ex. The accountant verified the reports to be true and correct.


Read the article below and answer your tutor's questions.

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Tyler Malek is the head ice cream maker at a restaurant named Salt & Straw Ice Cream in Portland, Oregon. In this ice cream shop, one chef’s trash is another chef’s cold treat. The shop uses different leftover ingredients to create different flavors. For example, leftover whey turns into lemon curd ice cream. And for the chocolate barley milk flavor, Malek uses leftover rice and grains to give it a mild, creamy flavor. Malek hopes that people will stop calling leftover ingredients “food waste” and call them “wasted food” instead.

Salt & Straw Ice Cream is one of the pioneers of the upcycling concept, which involves turning food waste into high-quality items. Chips and cake mixes made from upcycled food are becoming popular in stores. The ingredients include completely edible fruits and vegetables from farms. But they are often rejected by restaurants and supermarkets because of their appearance.

The Upcycled Food Association awards an official “Upcycling Certified” seal to qualified products. These seals inform customers that the company producing the meal used upcycled ingredients. In 2021, the association verified about 30 products. Currently, 450 products are carrying the seal.

This material was based on an article by The Associated Press.


Choose a topic and discuss the questions with your tutor.

Upcycled Food

  • Salt & Straw Ice Cream uses different leftover ingredients for its ice cream products. Would you like to try them? Why or why not? Discuss.
  • Do you think restaurant owners in your country would be willing to serve upcycled food? Why or why not? Discuss.
  • Do you think people in your country would like to eat at a restaurant that serves upcycled food? Why or why not? Discuss.

Leftover and Wasted Food

  • What do you usually do with your leftover food? Discuss.
  • In your country, is it okay to leave food on your plate after eating? Why or why not? Discuss.
  • In your opinion, is there a lot of wasted food in your home? What about in your community? Discuss.