Lesson 7: Financial Mindsets
He called me a cheapskate!

I can talk about someone’s financial mindset.

INTRODUCE

Knowing a person’s financial mindset can help you understand how he/she handles money.

PRESENT

STEP A EXPRESSIONS

I. Go over the expressions with your tutor.

    1. Cheapskate is a negative term for people who don’t like to spend money.

     

    He doesn’t like shopping because he’s a cheapskate.

     

     

    2. To go Dutch means to pay for your own expenses when you go out with someone.

     

    We always go Dutch when we eat out.

     

     

    3. To live beyond one’s means means to spend more money than you actually have.

     

    She has a lot of debt because she lives beyond her means.

     

    II. Imagine you’re going on a dinner date. Describe your ideal date using some of the expressions above.

STEP B PRONUNCIATION

When one word ends in a consonant sound and the next word starts with an /h/, the /h/ is often dropped and the two words are connected.
Phrase Example

beyond her

/ beyonder /

Annie lives / beyonder / means.

UNDERSTAND

SPEAKING

Yuko, Kelsie, and Mami are hanging out at a coffee shop.

Mami:

Wow, is that the new bag you were talking about? I love it.

Yuko:

Thanks! Kelsie helped me decide which one to buy.

Mami:

It reminds me of that signature bag my ex gave me…

Yuko:

Ah, I remember that one! Ryu was a really generous guy. He always treated you to really expensive dinners, right?

Kelsie:

Yeah, unlike my ex! Hans and I always went Dutch whenever we had dinner.

Yuko:

Well, Hans was trying not to live beyond his means, you know. (laughs) Anyway, back to Ryu. He seemed like a nice guy. You never told us why you broke up with him, Mami.

Mami:

Oh, he was so materialistic—he always talked about his huge collection of watches! Once, he got so mad at me for using the same bag every day. He called me a cheapskate!

Yuko:

Whoa, he said that? That’s so rude!

Mami:

Yeah, I broke up with him that day.

TRIVIA

To treat someone to something means to pay for their food, movie tickets, etc. If you want to offer to pay for someone, you can say it’s my treat or it’s on me.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Are the underlined expressions used correctly? If not, change the sentences.

  1. Tyler hates giving tips when we eat out. He’s such a cheapskate!
  2. Midori lives beyond her means and makes sure that she buys only what she needs.
  3. My friend and I always go Dutch when we see a movie. I pay for my ticket, and he pays for his.
  4. Marge is a cheapskate; she always treats me to dinner at expensive restaurants.
  5. Aya can’t save any money because she always lives beyond her means.

STEP B EXERCISE

Describe the people using the pictures and the expressions in the box. The form of some expressions may need to be changed.

a cheapskate
go Dutch
live beyond one’s means

1. Meg _____.

2. Brent and Joyce _____.

3. Andrew _____.

4. My best friend _____.

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You are planning to introduce one of your good friends to your coworker. While waiting for your friend to arrive, your coworker asked about him/her. Tell your coworker about your friend.

Today's Expressions

  • a cheapskate
  • go Dutch
  • live beyond one’s means

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

FINANCIAL MINDSET

2

PAYING FOR OTHERS

3

LIVING BEYOND ONE’S MEANS

1

FINANCIAL MINDSET

  1. Do you consider yourself a generous person?
  2. What causes some people to become cheapskates?
  3. Is it okay for couples to go Dutch?
  4. Could you marry someone whose financial mindset is the opposite of yours?

2PAYING FOR OTHERS

  1. Do you like to treat people to things (ex. dinner, movies)?
  2. Imagine it’s your best friend’s birthday. What do you want to treat him/her to?
  3. Which do you like better, treating someone or being treated by someone?
  4. If someone were to treat you to any restaurant you want, where would you want to eat?

3LIVING BEYOND ONE’S MEANS

  1. Do you think you spend too much money sometimes?
  2. Why do you think some people live beyond their means?
  3. How can you avoid living beyond your means?
  4. What can happen when someone lives beyond his/her means?

FEEDBACK

I can talk about someone’s financial mindset.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

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