Lesson 3: World Heritage Sites
It’s more or less doable for experienced hikers of all ages.

I can read and understand an article about a World Heritage Site.

INTRODUCE

Visiting World Heritage Sites is a great way to experience the culture and history of a country.

PRESENT

STEP A EXPRESSIONS

I. Go over the expressions with your tutor.

    1. If you are unsure of the exact number of something, you can use roughly to show that you are giving an approximation.

     

    Roughly 50,000 people visit the beach there every week.

     

     

    2. You can also use more or less to express vagueness or uncertainty.

     

    The guide said that the castle is more or less an hour from here on foot. The walk is more or less doable for people of all ages.

     

     

    3. Use range from something to something to show variety or talk about the upper and lower limits of something.

     

    The landscape ranges from rough terrain to seemingly endless lakes. The number of daily visitors depends on the season and can range from just one or two to several hundred.

     

    II. Talk about one of the World Heritage Sites below using the expressions above.

    the Great Barrier Reef

    the Taj Mahal

    Mount Fuji

STEP B PRONUNCIATION

When or is between two words, the /r/ is sometimes dropped.
Phrase Example

more or less

/ mawr o les /

He said it was / mawr o les / doable.

UNDERSTAND

READING

Charlie is reading an article online to try to decide where to do his last trek in New Zealand.

Tongariro National Park

Tongariro National Park is one of three World Heritage Sites in New Zealand. It is roughly 80,000 hectares and is home to three active volcanoes.

More than 110,000 people visit the site annually. Tourists can enjoy a number of activities ranging from fly-fishing and whitewater rafting in the summer to skiing and snowboarding in the winter. Tongariro National Park’s breathtaking views of lakes, meadows, and hot springs have been featured in many famous films.

 

The Tongariro Alpine Crossing

The Tongariro Alpine Crossing is a trekking tour that is often described as New Zealand’s greatest day walk. Hikers are greeted by spectacular emerald-colored lakes, lava flows, and active steam vents. Every summer, 70,000 hikers complete the one-day trek that is more or less doable for experienced hikers of all ages.

 

TRIVIA

New Zealand’s breathtaking natural beauty, great diversity of landscapes within a relatively small area, and friendly attitude towards filming have led it to become one of the most popular countries in the world to make movies in. Several of its famous locations such as Cathedral Cove and Mount Ngauruhoe have been featured in major Hollywood films.

Cathedral Cove
Mount Ngauruhoe

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Replace the underlined parts with expressions from the box. More than one answer may be possible, and the form of some expressions may need to be changed.

roughly
more or less
range from something to something
  1. The temple is about 800 years old.
  2. The ages of the tourists tend to be between 50 and 70 years old.
  3. The river is approximately 12,000 miles long.

 

STEP B EXERCISE

Make sentences using the pictures, words, and expressions in the box.

roughly
more or less
range from something to something

ex.

  • Borobudur Temple Compound
  • beautiful examples of old architecture: statues, domes

The Borobudur Temple Compound has beautiful examples of old architecture ranging from statues to domes.

 

1.

  • Grand Canyon National Park
  • 4,926 square kilometers

 

2.

  • Sydney Opera House
  • about 40 shows a week: ballets and operas, circus acts

 

3.

  • Angkor Wat
  • approximately 1 million tourists each year

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You and your friend are planning to visit New Zealand. Read an article about World Heritage Sites in the country. Then, share what you read with your friend.

Today's Expressions

  • roughly
  • more or less
  • range from something to something

Westland National Park (Te Wāhipounamu)

This amazingly beautiful site is roughly 2.6 million hectares. Visitors can marvel at a number of magnificent views that range from majestic mountaintops to emerald lakes and rivers. The park is home to a great variety of wildlife including numerous species of birds, reptiles, and insects.

Tourists can enjoy camping, hunting, and mountain biking within the site. For those planning to stay the night, lodging is available.

 

Sub-Antarctic Islands

This site is a protected area that includes five islands to the southeast of New Zealand. It covers roughly 76,500 hectares of land and 1.4 million hectares of marine environment.

Individual visits are more or less banned, but guided tours by accredited agencies are allowed. Most tours are limited to a very small number of people (often just 10 to 50 people per tour).

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

WORLD HERITAGE SITES

2

PRESERVING WORLD HERITAGE SITES

3

MOVIE LOCATIONS

1

WORLD HERITAGE SITES

  1. What World Heritage Site in Japan are you most proud of?
  2. What international World Heritage Sites would you like to visit?
  3. How do you think World Heritage Sites are chosen?
  4. If a place is designated a World Heritage Site, does that make you want to visit it more than before?

2PRESERVING WORLD HERITAGE SITES

  1. In order to protect them from tourists, should some sites not be designated as a World Heritage Site?
  2. Is it okay to modernize World Heritage Sites for the safety of tourists (ex. adding guard rails, widening roads)?
  3. Do you think Japan has preserved its World Heritage Sites and national parks well?
  4. Should modern businesses (ex. souvenir stands) be allowed on World Heritage Site grounds?

3MOVIE LOCATIONS

  1. Do you know where your favorite movie was filmed?
  2. What movies do you think were filmed in beautiful locations?
  3. What should directors consider when choosing a movie location?
  4. Do you think movies can help local tourism?

FEEDBACK

I can read and understand an article about a World Heritage Site.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 5 Lesson 4 (Speaking) - They were really going downhill last year.