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Lesson 2: Doctor Visits
I might have heatstroke.

I can talk about the possible cause of my symptoms.

INTRODUCE

Knowing the cause of your symptoms is important so that you can get immediate treatment.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

jet lag

stress

allergies

a cold

the flu

lack of sleep

II. Which of the problems above will you have if you work too much or stay up late every day? Choose two or three problems for each.

  • work too much

  • stay up late every day

III. Practice reading the words.

/æ/

/ə/

allergies

alike

agony

ago

absent

about

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Use must, might, and could to talk about degrees of certainty.  

must

99% certain

might

50% certain

could

20% certain

Use must to say that you are very sure about something.

  • My eyes are itchy every spring. It must be allergies.

Use might to say that you think something is possible but aren’t sure.

  • I can’t sleep. It might be stress.

Use could to say that you think something is possible but are even less sure.

  • You have a slight fever. It could be the flu.

UNDERSTAND

SPEAKING

Sho is talking to a doctor at a clinic in Australia.

Doctor:

Mr. Iwasaki, it says here that you’re having headaches, dizziness, and chest pain.

Sho:

Yeah. I’m worried that I might have heatstroke. I heard on the radio that headaches and dizziness are all symptoms of heatstroke.

Doctor:

Have you been staying outdoors a lot lately?

Sho:

No. Actually, I’m in the office most of the time.

Doctor:

Does your office have air-conditioning?

Sho:

Yes.

Doctor:

Hmm… I don’t think you have heatstroke. You look tired. Do you work late?

Sho:

Well, I basically work until midnight Monday through Friday, and sometimes I work on Saturday too.

Doctor:

Hmm. If that’s the case, then it could be stress. Let’s run a few tests to make sure.

TRIVIA

Did you know that the word karoushi (過労死) does not exist in English? If you had to translate it, you could say death from too much work, but this is not a common idea in English-speaking countries. The fact that Japanese has such a word is surprising to many foreigners.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Choose the sentences that best match the underlined sentences.

1. I have a stomachache. I’m 99% sure that it’s the oysters I ate.

  • It could be the oysters I ate.
  • It must be the oysters I ate.

 

2. I couldn’t sleep after the flight. I’m 20% sure that it’s jet lag.

  • It could be jet lag.
  • It might be jet lag.

 

3. My nose is runny. I’m 50% sure it’s a cold.

  • It must be a cold.
  • It might be a cold.

STEP B EXERCISE

Complete the dialogue using the clues in parentheses.

Aki:

My body really hurts, Dan. It even hurts when I lie down! What do you think this is?

Dan:

(50% sure: the flu) It _____.

Aki:

I don’t think it’s the flu. I don’t have a fever.

Dan:

(20% sure: the way you slept last night) Well, it _____.

Aki:

I don’t think so… I always sleep on my back.

Dan:

Well, did you do anything new recently?

Aki:

Yeah, I just joined a gym two days ago.

Dan:

Aki! (99% sure: just regular muscle pain) It _____. Just relax today and you’ll be fine. (laughs)

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You woke up with a stomachache and a fever.


Call your coworker and explain that you’re sick and cannot go to work today.

Today's grammar tip

  • could
  • might
  • must

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

GOING TO THE DOCTOR

2

ILLNESSES

3

WORK AND STRESS

1

GOING TO THE DOCTOR

  1. When was the last time you went to the doctor?
  2. Do you always feel better after going to the doctor?
  3. What is the best way to find a doctor if you're new in the area?
  4. Is it common in Japan to have a family doctor?

2ILLNESSES

  1. What is the scariest illness you can think of?
  2. What are the symptoms of this illness?
  3. Who usually gets this illness (ex. children, people in another country)?
  4. Is there a cure for this illness?

3WORK AND STRESS

  1. Do you agree that working too much can cause stress?
  2. How much time should people spend at work?
  3. Do you think stress can be a good thing sometimes?
  4. How can you live a stress-free life?

FEEDBACK

I can talk about the possible cause of my symptoms.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 2 Lesson 3 (Reading) - He said that it was good exercise for your lower body.