日本語表示
Lesson 3: Staying Fit
He said that it was good exercise for your lower body.

I can read and understand what someone says about fitness.

INTRODUCE

There are many ways you can stay fit. It is important to choose a way that matches your lifestyle.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

be out of shape

take up [something]

hit the gym

work out

be in shape

get in shape

II. Which of the ideas above relate to your life now? Which of the ideas relate to your future goals?

III. Practice reading the words.

/ɜː/

/ɔ/

work

wart

curd

cord

perk

pork

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Use say that and ask if/wh-/how with reported speech to explain what someone said.

Reported speech usually shifts the verbs back one tense. If the original sentence was in simple present tense, use simple past tense.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE

REPORTED SPEECH

Rachel: “My friend goes to the gym.”

Rachel said that her friend went to the gym.

  • Philip asked if I wanted to take up swimming.
  • Amanda said that she was going to hit the gym early.

If the original sentence was in simple past tense, use past perfect tense.

ORIGINAL SENTENCE

REPORTED SPEECH

Kate: “Did you try yoga before?”

Kate asked if I had tried yoga before.

  • Erin said that she had decided to get in shape.
  • Akihiro asked how long we had worked out yesterday.

UNDERSTAND

READING

Sho received an email from his boss.

Sho,

Ai said that you weren’t feeling well. I’m sorry to hear that, but I really need that report you’re working on. Please send it to me by 2:00 pm JST Friday.

Also, Miranda from the Los Angeles branch is going to visit our office here in Japan next month. Please give her a tour of the office. HR asked if someone could take her out to dinner, so please do that too.

By the way, I saw an article about a crazy new fitness trend in Australia. Check it out: Crunning: The Funny New Fitness Trend.

The author tried it, and he said that it was good exercise for your lower body. You should try it while you’re there in Australia. You need to get in shape so you can help me more! I can’t do all the work alone, you know.

Goto

TRIVIA

Crunning is a strange new fitness trend in Australia. The term crunning is a combination of crawling and running.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Complete the reported speech with said that or asked if/wh-/how.

1. Mia: “I have to get in shape.”

→ Mia _____ she had to get in shape.

 

2. Steve: “Do you like biking?”

→ Steve _____ I liked biking.

 

3. Mike: “I plan to take up judo.”

→ Mike _____ he planned to take up judo.

 

4. Emily:When did you work out last week?”

→ Emily _____ I had worked out last week.

STEP B EXERCISE

Change the text messages into reported speech.

1. David: “I’m so out of shape.”

2. Sharon: “Do you want to go mountain climbing?”

3. Carol: “Who taught the yoga class yesterday?”

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You follow a very popular local fitness blog.


Read the latest post. Then, talk about it with your friend who wants to get in shape.

Today's grammar tip

  • said that
  • asked if/wh-/how

My Fitness Journey: Day 25

 

A few weeks ago, my friend asked if I wanted to get in shape with her, and of course I said yes! We decided to take up swimming.

This may surprise you, but I had never gone swimming before, so I was a little afraid. But after two weeks of training, I finally learned the basics. I’m actually enjoying it now! My friend said that I was getting better every day.

I also learned that swimming is great for your body because it builds strong muscles and helps keep your heart and lungs healthy. It’s also very relaxing!

If you want to know more about the swimming class I attend, you can call the number below and ask for Coach Henry.

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

STAYING FIT

2

FITNESS TRENDS

3

UNHEALTHY HABITS

1

STAYING FIT

  1. Are you fit?
  2. What can people do to stay fit?
  3. Why is it important to stay fit?
  4. Do you think that staying fit is easy?

2FITNESS TRENDS

  1. What are the most common fitness trends in Japan (ex. yoga, pilates)?
  2. What do you think is the best fitness trend?
  3. Do you like trying new fitness trends?
  4. What fitness trend do you not want to try?

3UNHEALTHY HABITS

  1. What are some common unhealthy habits?
  2. What do you think is the worst unhealthy habit?
  3. Do you have any unhealthy habits?
  4. Is it easy to stop an unhealthy habit?

FEEDBACK

I can read and understand what someone says about fitness.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 2 Lesson 4 (Speaking) - I accidentally cut myself on a metal clip.