日本語表示
Lesson 8: Recipes
After heating the sesame oil in a frying pan, cook the rice ball.

I can read and understand a recipe.

INTRODUCE

You can look for and share English recipes to help foreign friends make a Japanese dish.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

broil

chop

add

dried bonito flakes

sesame seeds

seaweed

II. What’s your favorite Japanese food? Which of the words above are in the recipe for it?

III. Practice reading the words.

/br/

/bl/

broil

block

brush

blush

brew

blue

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Use gerunds after while, before, and after to explain when two things happen.

  • Slice the onion before adding it to the mixture.
  • Add the vegetables while boiling the beef.
  • Sprinkle dried bonito flakes after putting the sauce on the takoyaki.

UNDERSTAND

READING

Ai was still concerned about Sho’s bad eating habits, so she emailed him after work.

Hi, Sho!

 

Here’s the recipe I told you about. I hope you find time to make this. This is good for your health – much better than that convenience store food!


Rice Ball Ochazuke

1 bowl cooked rice

200 milliliters green tea

2 tablespoons soy sauce

2 teaspoons sesame oil

5 grams dried shrimp

2 teaspoons sesame seeds

1 gram dried bonito flakes

3 leaves chopped mitsuba

5 grams kombu kelp

 

Making rice ball ochazuke is easy. First, mix the cooked rice, soy sauce, dried shrimp, and white sesame seeds. Form a rice ball from the mixture.

After heating the sesame oil in a frying pan, cook the rice ball. Next, put some dried bonito flakes in a bowl. Add the rice ball to the bowl, then pour the green tea over it. Finally, sprinkle the chopped mitsuba and kombu kelp before serving it.

TRIVIA

While many Japanese people want to translate everything into English, it can be difficult to do with Japanese food. Sometimes, it’s better to just say the Japanese name of the food and then explain what it is.

 

X This is soaked tea.

O This is ochazuke. It’s rice in green tea with some toppings.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Complete the sentences using the pictures and words in the box.

before
while
after

slice the potato

mix the salad

ex. Mix the salad after slicing the potato.

 

chop the banana

put the banana pieces on the ice cream

1. __________ before __________.

 

fry the fish

boil the noodles

2. __________ while __________.

 

add the rice

roll the seaweed

3. __________ after __________.

 

STEP B EXERCISE

Combine the sentences to make one sentence with before, while, or after. More than one answer is possible.

ex. Slice the meat. Then, pour the sauce.

Slice the meat before pouring the sauce. / After slicing the meat, pour the sauce. / Pour the sauce after slicing the meat.

 

  1. Melt the butter. At the same time, mix the eggs and flour together.
  2. First, add the milk in the blender. Second, blend everything for 20 seconds.
  3. Broil the fish. Then, put a slice of lemon on top.

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

Your foreign friend wants to make a Japanese dish for her boyfriend. She asked for your help, so you looked up an easy recipe online.


Read the recipe. Then, share it with your friend.

Today's grammar tip

  • before + (gerund)
  • while + (gerund)
  • after + (gerund)

Oyakodon (Chicken and Egg Rice Bowl)

Here’s an easy recipe for a classic Japanese dish!

 

What you need:

1 cup rice

1 cup water

1 teaspoon soy sauce

1 teaspoon sugar

1 onion

12 ounces boneless chicken thighs, thinly sliced

3 eggs

 

The steps:

1. Prepare the sauce while cooking the rice.
To make the sauce, boil the water and soy sauce in a pan. Then, add sugar. After chopping the onion, add it and the chicken thighs to the sauce. Bring to a boil.

2. Prepare the eggs.
Beat the three eggs before adding them to the pan. Mix well and remove the pan from the heat.

3. Serve.
After putting the rice in a bowl, top it with the chicken/egg mixture. Enjoy!

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

COOKING

2

RECIPES

3

JAPANESE FOOD

1

COOKING

  1. Can you cook?
  2. What are the advantages of knowing how to cook?
  3. What problems can happen when cooking?
  4. What do you think is the hardest food to cook?

2RECIPES

  1. Where can you get recipes?
  2. Do you always use a recipe?
  3. Does your family have any special recipes?
  4. Have you ever used an English or other foreign language recipe? Was it easy?

3JAPANESE FOOD

  1. What Japanese food do you usually have for breakfast? Lunch? Dinner?
  2. What ingredients are commonly found in a Japanese kitchen?
  3. What Japanese food can you make with the ingredients you have in your kitchen right now?
  4. Have you ever had Japanese food overseas? How was it?

FEEDBACK

I can read and understand a recipe.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK