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Lesson 1: Food Descriptions
It’s spicy dried squid.

I can listen to and understand a description of food.

INTRODUCE

Many countries have unique foods. Listening to a description of them will help you understand what they are.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

smoke

stir-fry

slice

sprinkle

simmer

boil

II. What’s your favorite dish? Which of the things above do you do to make it?

III. Practice reading the words.

/st/

/sp/

stir-fry

sprinkle

street

spit

stout

spout

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Change verbs into their past participle form to use them as adjectives.

You can change most verbs into their past participle form by adding -ed or -d. Remember to change y to i when writing.

REGULAR VERB

PAST PARTICIPLE

smoke

smoked

boil

boiled

simmer

simmered

stir-fry

stir-fried

slice

sliced

sprinkle

sprinkled

  • The Bracks serves the best smoked ribs in the country.
  • My favorite Chinese dish is stir-fried noodles.

Some verbs have irregular past participle forms.

IRREGULAR VERB

PAST PARTICIPLE

freeze

frozen

burn

burnt

grind

ground

roast

roast

  • I bought frozen meat at the supermarket.
  • The waiter served us burnt chicken!

UNDERSTAND

LISTENING

While on vacation in Thailand with her husband Jake, Ai got a voicemail from her coworker Sho back in Japan.

TRIVIA

In Japan, it’s common for people to buy omiyage for their coworkers when they go on a trip, but this custom does not exist in many other countries. In the West, for example, people buy souvenirs for themselves to remember a trip. In fact, the word souvenir means to remember in French.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Fill in the blanks. Change the underlined verbs into past participle forms.

ex. They simmer chicken in coconut milk to make tom kha gai.

Tom kha gai is simmered chicken in coconut milk.

 

1. They stir-fry the noodles to make pad thai.

Pad thai is _____ noodles.

 

2. The chef will slice some tomatoes for the yam kai dao.

→ Yam kai dao is served with _____ tomatoes.

 

3. They deep-fry oysters to make hoy tod.

→ Hoy tod uses _____ oysters.

 

4. This is a Thai-style omelette that you can sprinkle with cheese.

→ This Thai-style omelette tastes good with _____ cheese.

STEP B EXERCISE

Today is Wednesday. Answer the questions using Miki’s weekly menu.

Mon

Tue

Wed

(smoke)

(grill)

(boil)

Thur

Fri

Sat

(mash)

(fry)

(slice)

  1. What is Miki going to make today?
  2. What did she have last Monday?
  3. What is she going to have on Thursday?
  4. What is she going to eat on Saturday?

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

Listen to your friend talk about some dishes that he/she ate at a Thai restaurant.


Then, go to the restaurant and try to order the same dishes.

Today's grammar tip

  • past participle adjectives

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

COOKING

2

OMIYAGE AND SOUVENIRS

3

FOREIGN FOOD

1

COOKING

  1. When was the last time you cooked?
  2. What kind of cooking is common in Japan (ex. boiling, smoking)?
  3. What Japanese dish do you think is hard to cook?
  4. What was the most delicious dish you’ve ever cooked? Describe it.

2OMIYAGE AND SOUVENIRS

  1. What kind of souvenirs do you usually buy for yourself?
  2. Do you always look forward to omiyage from friends or coworkers?
  3. Have you ever received omiyage that you didn’t like? What was it?
  4. What omiyage are popular in your hometown?

3FOREIGN FOOD

  1. What foreign dish do you want to try?
  2. What’s your favorite foreign dish?
  3. What foreign dishes do you dislike?
  4. Which do you eat more, Japanese food or foreign food?

FEEDBACK

I can listen to and understand a description of food.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 1 Lesson 2 (Speaking) - Do you know where we can find a decent restaurant near here?