日本語表示
Lesson 6: Dietary Restrictions
But a little karaage is okay!

I can listen to and understand someone’s dietary restrictions.

INTRODUCE

When taking people to a restaurant or cooking for them at home, it’s important to know if they have dietary restrictions.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

dairy products

animal products

greasy food

sugary food

organic fruits and vegetables

gluten

II. Which of the types of food above do you eat? Which types of food don’t you eat?

  • want to eat

  • don’t want to eat

III. Practice reading the words.

/dʒ/

/g/

vegetables

begins

jail

gale

cage

keg

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Use many, a few, much, and a little to talk about quantities.

Use many and a few with plural countable nouns.

many


a few

 

fruits* and vegetables, flowers, eggs, pencils

  • I saw many flowers at the park.
  • There are a few pencils in the basket.

Use much and a little with uncountable nouns.

much


a little

 

sugary food*, money, water, time

  • Annie doesn’t have much money.
  • There’s a little food left on the table.

* Some words such as fruit and food can be both countable and uncountable. In this lesson, please treat fruits as countable and food as uncountable.

UNDERSTAND

LISTENING

Miranda is visiting from the US branch. Mr. Goto asked Sho to take her out to dinner, so he asked her about her food preferences.

TRIVIA

Some foreigners visiting Japan may be surprised that smoking is still allowed in many restaurants, bars, and clubs in the country.  Indoor smoking in public spaces is banned in a lot of places including California, New York, Ireland, the UK, and Australia.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Choose the correct words in the parentheses.

  1. There are (a few / a little) apples on the table.
  2. The grocery store sells (many / much) organic fruits and vegetables.
  3. Ryan drank (a few / a little) coffee for breakfast.
  4. You shouldn’t eat (many / much) sugary food. It’s bad for your health.

STEP B EXERCISE

Complete the sentences using your own information.

ex. I don’t drink much beer.

 

  1. At the supermarket, I sometimes buy many _____.
  2. I don’t eat much _____.
  3. I like drinking a little _____ sometimes.

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You are planning a dinner party with your friends.


Listen to one of your friends explain his/her dietary restrictions to you. Then, make a reservation at a restaurant. Tell the manager about your friend’s dietary restrictions.

Today's grammar tip

  • many
  • a few
  • much
  • a little

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

DIETARY RESTRICTIONS

2

ORGANIC FOOD

3

SMOKING

1

DIETARY RESTRICTIONS

  1. Do you have any food allergies?
  2. Do you eat much greasy food?
  3. Do you eat much sugary food?
  4. Do you know anyone who is a vegetarian or vegan?

2ORGANIC FOOD

  1. Do you buy organic food?
  2. Where can you buy organic fruits and vegetables in your area?
  3. Is organic food cheap or expensive in Japan?
  4. Is organic food popular in Japan?

3SMOKING

  1. Do you smoke?
  2. Are cigarettes expensive in Japan?
  3. What kind of smoking rules are common in Japan?
  4. Should office buildings have smoking areas?

FEEDBACK

I can listen to and understand someone’s dietary restrictions.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 2 Lesson 7 (Speaking) - Have you taken your temperature?