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Lesson 4: Describing Others
His mom’s so friendly.

I can describe people’s personalities.

INTRODUCE

When describing other people, it’s common to talk about their personalities.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

friendly

funny

quiet

annoying

rude

shy

II. Which adjectives above are good personality traits? Which adjectives are bad personality traits?

  • good

  • bad

III. Practice reading the words.

/f/

/v/

funny

vanity

fine

vine

fail

veil

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Use a bit, a little, really, and so with adjectives.

Use a bit and a little to soften negative adjectives.

  • My brother is a bit annoying.
  • The store clerk was a little rude to the customers.

Use really and so to strengthen positive adjectives.

  • My date was really funny.
  • Jerry is so interesting.

UNDERSTAND

SPEAKING

Haru is telling Sofia about her dinner with Lorenzo’s family.

Sofia:

Hey, I saw some of your pictures with Lorenzo’s family.

Haru:

Yeah, they invited me for dinner.

Sofia:

Oh, yeah? How was it?

Haru:

Well, I was a little shy at first. Lorenzo and I have been dating for only a month, you know. But his family was really nice.

Sofia:

Oh, good! What are they like?

Haru:

His mom’s so friendly. She talked to me a lot and even cooked her special pasta for me.

Sofia:

She sounds like a nice lady. What about his dad?

Haru:

Oh, he’s really funny. He told jokes all night.

TRIVIA

The word funny has two meanings in English. It can mean humorous or strange. To show the positive meaning of funny, you can use it with so or really. To show the negative meaning, you can use funny with a bit or a little.

 

O He’s really funny. (humorous)

O He’s a little funny. (strange)

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Choose the most polite answer in the parentheses. Strengthen the positive traits and soften the negative traits.

  1. Robin is (a bit / so) negative. She complains a lot.
  2. My date was (a little / really) funny. I laughed all night.
  3. The bus driver seems (a bit / so) friendly. He always smiles at everyone.
  4. Tori is (a little / really) annoying. She calls me at work a lot.

STEP B EXERCISE

Describe the pictures using the clues and the words in the box. Strengthen the positive traits and soften the negative traits. More than one answer is possible.

a little
really
so
a bit

ex.

  • best friend
  • smart
  • always gets good grades

My best friend is so/really smart. She always gets good grades.

 

1.

  • neighbor
  • rude
  • does DIY projects at night

2.

  • teacher
  • friendly
  • always smiles

3.

  • sister
  • annoying
  • buys too many clothes

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You ran into your neighbor on the street.


Invite him/her to have dinner with your family next weekend. Tell him/her about your family members.

Today's grammar tip

  • a bit
  • a little
  • really
  • so

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

POSITIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS

2

NEGATIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS

3

DINNER INVITATIONS

1

POSITIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS

  1. What positive personality traits do you have?
  2. What positive personality traits do you want to have?
  3. What positive personality traits does your best friend have?
  4. Are there any positive personality traits that you don’t like?

2NEGATIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS

  1. What negative personality traits do you have?
  2. What negative personality traits do you dislike the most?
  3. Do your friends have any negative personality traits?
  4. Do you think any negative personality traits are actually good?

3DINNER INVITATIONS

  1. How often do you invite people for dinner?
  2. How often do people invite you for dinner?
  3. What kinds of food do you usually prepare when you invite someone to dinner?
  4. Do you bring a gift when someone invites you for dinner?

FEEDBACK

I can describe people’s personalities.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 1 Lesson 5 (Review) - Relationships: Lesson 1-4 Review