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Lesson 6: Breaking Plans
I have to run an errand.

I can listen to and understand a short excuse for canceling plans.

INTRODUCE

When canceling plans, it is polite to give a reason.

PRESENT

STEP A VOCABULARY

I. Listen and repeat.

do overtime

go on a business trip

pick up [person] from [place]

take [person] to [place]

take care of [person]

run an errand

II. Which of the excuses above will each person use to cancel plans? Choose one excuse for each person.

  • a businessperson

  • a mother

  • you

III. Practice reading the words.

/ei/

/ɑ/

take

top

pay

pot

steak

star

STEP B GRAMMAR TIP

Use have to and have got to to say that it is necessary to do something.

You can use have to in any situation.

  • I have to take my sister to school.
  • He has to pick up his parents from the bus station.

You can use have got to in informal situations.

  • I’ve got to go grocery shopping.
  • She’s got to take care of her baby.

UNDERSTAND

LISTENING

It’s game day for Daiki and Eric’s futsal club. A few hours before the game, Eric left Daiki a voicemail.

TRIVIA

Many Japanese speakers overuse the word must. Both must and have to show that an action is necessary, but must is stronger and sounds unnatural in many everyday situations. Must is more common in formal writing (ex. signs about rules).

 

Δ I must cook dinner every night.

O I have to cook dinner every night.

PRACTICE

STEP A EXERCISE

Look at the to-do list. What do you have to do? Make sentences with have to or have got to. More than one answer is possible.

TO DO:

  1. take Mom to the bus station Friday morning
  2. go grocery shopping
  3. take care of Annie’s dog on Saturday
  4. go to bed early tomorrow
  5. do laundry

STEP B EXERCISE

Make sentences with have to or have got to using the pictures and words. More than one answer is possible.

1.

  • Milena
  • take her kids to school

 

 

2.

  • Terry and Conrad
  • wash the dishes

 

 

3.

  • you
  • run an errand

 

 

CHALLENGE

Challenge 1

You have plans to go to Hokkaido this weekend with two of your friends, Allison and Henry. Allison left you a voicemail today.


Listen to the voicemail. Then, call Henry and tell him about it.

Today's grammar tip

  • have to
  • have got to

Challenge 2

Discuss your ideas.

If Time
Allows
1

EXCUSES

2

CANCELING PLANS

3

GROUP ACTIVITIES

1

EXCUSES

  1. What’s a good excuse for canceling plans?
  2. What’s a bad excuse for canceling plans?
  3. What’s the most unbelievable excuse you have ever heard?
  4. When you give an excuse, do you always tell the truth?

2CANCELING PLANS

  1. Do you cancel plans often?
  2. When someone cancels plans with you, how do you feel?
  3. What’s the proper way to cancel plans? Is an email okay, or should you call?
  4. What was the most important plan you have ever canceled?

3GROUP ACTIVITIES

  1. What activities do you like to do in groups?
  2. Who do you usually do group activities with (ex. coworkers, friends)?
  3. What’s an advantage of group activities?
  4. What’s a disadvantage of group activities?

FEEDBACK

I can listen to and understand a short excuse for canceling plans.

LESSON GOAL ACHIEVEMENT

  • 4
    Very Good

    Could complete the task with ease

  • 3
    Good

    Could complete the task with some clarifications

  • 2
    Fair

    Could complete the task with additional instructions

  • 1
    Poor

    Could somehow complete the task with difficulty

PERSONALIZED FEEDBACK

NEXT LESSON

Chapter 1 Lesson 7 (Speaking) - I gave jewelry to Yuki last year.