Unlocking Word Meanings
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
- jut / dʒʌt / (v.) – to make something stick out the edge of something
That cliff juts over the ocean.
- shimmery / ˈʃɪm ə ri / (adj.) – shining with a light that looks like it's moving
She used a shimmery bag during the formal dinner.
- crevasse / krəˈvæs / (n.) – a deep crack with a small opening on a glacier or a rock
The area where the avalanche happened had some crevasses.
- fracture / ˈfræk tʃər / (v.) – to cause a crack or break in something hard, such as a bone
The giant rock is hard but it can be fractured in different ways.
- nibble at (something) / ˈnɪb əl æt / (phrasal v.) – to cause something to slowly disappear
Landslides nibble at the mountains and hills in this area.
Read the text below.
Scientists got their first up-close look at what’s eating away part of Antarctica’s Thwaites ice shelf, nicknamed the Doomsday Glacier because of its massive melt and sea rise potential, and it’s both good and bad news.
Using a 13-foot pencil-shaped robot that swam under the grounding line where ice first juts over the sea, scientists saw a shimmery critical point in Thwaites’ chaotic breakup, “where it’s melting so quickly there, there’s just material streaming out of the glacier,” said robot creator and polar scientist Britney Schmidt of Cornell University.
Before, scientists had no observations from this critical but hard-to-reach point on Thwaites. But with the robot named Icefin lowered down a slender 1,925-foot (587-meter) hole, they saw how important crevasses are in the fracturing of the ice, which takes the heaviest toll on the glacier, even more than melting. “That’s how the glacier is falling apart. It’s not thinning and going away. It shatters,” said Schmidt, lead author of one of two studies in journal Nature.
That fracturing “potentially accelerates the overall demise of that ice shelf,” said Paul Cutler, the Thwaites program director for the National Science Foundation. “It’s eventual mode of failure may be through falling apart.”
The work comes out of a massive $50 million multi-year international research effort to better understand the widest glacier in the world. The Florida-sized glacier has gotten the nickname the “Doomsday Glacier” because of how much ice it has and how much seas could rise if it all melts — more than 2 feet (65 centimeters), though that’s expected to take hundreds of years.
The melting of Thwaites is dominated by what’s happening underneath, where warmer water nibbles at the bottom, something called basal melting, said Peter Davis, an oceanographer at British Antarctic Survey who is a lead author of one of the studies.
The good news: Much of the flat underwater area they explored is melting much slower than they expected. The bad news: That doesn’t really change how much ice is coming off the land part of the glacier and driving up sea levels, Davis said.
This article was provided by The Associated Press.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
- If the Doomsday Glacier melts, it could cause the seas to rise. But this scenario is expected to take hundreds of years. Do you think people today should be concerned? Why or why not? Discuss.
- What do you think will happen if the glacier continues to melt and the sea levels rise? Discuss.
- Scientists used the robot named Icefin to study the hard-to-reach point of Thwaites ice shelf. How else do you think robots can help humans protect the environment? Discuss.
- In your opinion, what are the possible limitations of using robots for the task of protecting the environment? Discuss.