Unlocking Word Meanings
Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.
- compile / kəmˈpaɪl / (v.) – to gather things or information together to create a collection, list, book, etc.
The researchers compiled data from several countries for their study.
- tentative / ˈtɛn tə tɪv / (adj.) – not set and still able to change
The tentative date for the company trip is August 12, but it may be pushed back a week or two.
- untimely / ʌnˈtaɪm li / (adj.) – happening at an unexpected time
The lead actor’s sudden serious illness led to the untimely end of the show.
- trajectory / trəˈdʒɛk tə ri / (n.) – the path that an object follows as it moves
Based on the storm’s trajectory, it will hit the island tonight.
- premature / ˌpri mə ˈtʊər / (adj.) – occurring or happening earlier or sooner than normal
The sun can cause premature aging, so be sure to always wear sunscreen!
Read the text below.
The rainy season this year is beginning for some western and central parts of the Japanese archipelago weeks earlier than usual, recording the earliest starting date in some regions since statistics became available in 1951.
According to preliminary figures released by the Meteorological Agency, the Kinki region — which includes Osaka, Hyogo and Kyoto — and other surrounding prefectures likely entered the rainy season May 16, 25 days earlier than last year.
The arrival of the rainy season 21 days earlier than average is the earliest it has begun in Kinki since the agency began compiling statistics 70 years ago. The tentative start date, if unchanged, would break the May 22 record set in 1956 and 2011.
On May 16, the Tokai region, including Aichi, may have entered the rainy season at its second earliest date ever and 21 days sooner than usual, the weather agency’s figures showed. In Tokai, the earliest arrival of the rainy season was in 1963, when it began on May 4.
Behind the untimely start of the rainy season is an unusual trajectory of westerlies that is affecting anticyclones over the Pacific Ocean, according to media reports.
The premature start of the rainy season is unfolding nationwide.
Past statistics suggest that an earlier start to the rainy season doesn’t necessarily suggest an early end. (The Japan Times)
This article was provided by The Japan Times Alpha.
Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.
- This year’s rainy season is beginning weeks earlier than usual, recording the earliest starting date ever in some regions. Does this concern you? Why or why not? Discuss.
- Past statistics suggest that an earlier start to the rainy season doesn’t necessarily suggest an early end. Do you hope the rainy season ends early this year? Why or why not? Discuss.
- Not every place on Earth has a rainy season. If you live in an area with a rainy season, how would you describe the rainy season to someone who’s never experienced it before? If you live in an area without a rainy season, how do you imagine it? Discuss.
- On a scale of 1-10 (1 being not at all and 10 being completely), how much does the weather affect your daily life? Why? Discuss.