Indian Economy Expected to Grow at a Fast Rate

Category: Business


Unlocking Word Meanings

Read the following words/expressions found in today’s article.

  1. indicator / ˈɪndəˌkeɪtɚ / (n) – a sign that shows the condition or state of something

    The price of goods is a good indicator of whether a country has a good or bad economy.

  2. in hopes of (something) / ɪn hoʊps ʌv / (idiom) – with the intention of achieving something

    I am working really hard in hopes of getting a promotion.

  3. ride on (someone/something) / raɪd ɑːn / (phrasal) – to depend on something

    The president said that the success of the country rides on its citizens.

  4. reform / rɪˈfoɚm / (n) – a change that is designed to improve a situation

    People are asking for the reform of the bad health care system in the country.

  5. overtake / ˌoʊvɚˈteɪk / (v) – to progress quicker than someone or something

    We are doing really well this time. Our profit this year is overtaking last year’s.


Read the text below.

India’s economy will grow quickly in the coming decades, according to Union Minister for Commerce and Industry Suresh Prabhu [suu-REHSH PRUH-boo].

Prabhu has predicted that India’s economy would be worth $5 trillion in the next seven to eight years. He added that by 2035, it would hit the $10-trillion mark. Prabhu announced his predictions through a recorded speech at the 2018 India International Trade Fair, an annual event attended by many businesspeople.

Prabhu’s predictions were based on India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth. GDP is the monetary value of all goods and services made in a country and is a good indicator of a country’s economic health.

In the same speech, Prabhu explained that the future economic growth of India would be impossible without its interactions with other countries and its policies supporting businesses. With these business-friendly policies, India even placed 77th in the Ease of Doing Business index, which lists countries with the simplest regulations for businesses. Currently, the Indian government is improving its policies further in hopes of climbing to a higher rank.

Prabhu also claimed that India’s growth would ride on the country’s structural reforms and the government’s transparency.

If Prabhu’s predictions come true, India’s economy will be the third largest economy in the world in 2030. According to a report by the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC), having a GDP of $10 trillion can help India overtake Japan and Germany. To achieve this, the HSBC advised the Indian government to pay more attention to the social sector, such as health and education.

Viewpoint Discussion

Enjoy a discussion with your tutor.

Discussion A

• Do you agree that interactions with other countries can promote a country’s economic growth? Why or why not?
• Aside from those mentioned in the article, what else do you think India can do to further improve its economy? Explain.

Discussion B

• Do you think it is a good move for a country to publicly announce its economic goals? Why or why not?
• What goals do you think your country can achieve by 2035? Discuss.